Lactulose

Why has my veterinarian prescribed this medicine?

Lactulose may be used as a stool softener to treat constipation. In liver disease it may also be used to reduce the level of ammonia in the blood. This will help prevent hepatic encephalopathy, which is a condition associated with cirrhosis of the liver.

lactulose-1

 

How do I give this medication?

  • Give this medication to your pet as directed by your veterinarian. READ THE LABEL CAREFULLY.
  • If the medicine is a liquid, shake well before using and measure the dose with reasonable care.
  • Try to give this medication at about the same time each day.
  • DO NOT give the pet more medicine than directed and do not give more often than directed.
  • Try not to miss giving any doses.
  • Some cats may dislike the taste of lactulose.

 

What if I miss giving a dose?

Give the dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue with the regular schedule. Do not give the pet two doses at once.

 

How do I store this medicine?

  • Keep this medicine out of reach of children.
  • Store this medicine in a cool, dry place at room temperature. Store away from heat and direct sunlight.
  • Do not store this medicine in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink or in damp places. The medicine may break down if exposed to heat or moisture.

 

What are the potential side effects?

  • The following side effects may occur: excessive amount of gas in the stomach or intestines, gastric distention, cramping. These effects may decrease over time.
  • Diarrhea is the most common side effect. Ensure your pet has plenty of clean water available to drink. If diarrhea is persistent or dehydration occurs, contact your veterinarian.
  • If using this medication for hepatic encephalopathy, contact your veterinarian if symptoms worsen or if your pet has less than 2 to 3 stools per day.
  • Other side effects may occur. If you notice anything unusual, contact your veterinarian.

 

Are there any possible drug interactions?

  • Make sure to tell your veterinarian what other medication or supplements you are giving to your pet.
  • Quite often your veterinarian may prescribe two different medications, and sometimes a drug interaction may be anticipated. In this case, your veterinarian may vary the dose and/or monitor your pet more closely.
  • The following drugs can potentially interact with lactulose: other laxatives, antibiotics, and oral antacids.
  • Contact your veterinarian if your pet experiences any unusual reactions when different medications are given together.

This client information sheet is based on material written by: Lifelearn Inc.

© Copyright 2009 Lifelearn Inc. Used and/or modified with permission under license.

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