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  • Serum is the liquid portion of blood. Serum is collected by placing a tube of clotted blood in a machine called a centrifuge, which spins the blood very quickly in a small circle, forcing the cells to the bottom of the tube and allowing the serum to sit on top. There are many substances in serum, including proteins, enzymes, lipids, hormones etc.

  • Electrolytes are the salts and metallic components that are dissolved within the blood serum, and are involved in most of the body's daily functions.

  • Serum iron tests are indicated when the results from a complete blood count (CBC) indicate that your pet is anemic (decreased red blood cell numbers and/or decreased hemoglobin) and that the red blood cells are microcytic (smaller than usual) and hypochromic (contain less hemoglobin than usual).

  • Serum is the liquid portion of blood from which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and factors involved in blood clotting have been removed.

  • Serum is the liquid portion of blood from which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and factors involved in blood clotting have been removed.

  • This tumor is a disordered and purposeless overgrowth of sweat gland cells. Most sweat glands are attached to the hair follicles (“paratrichial”, or beside the hair) but a few are not associated with follicles (atrichial).

  • A biopsy is one of the more common diagnostic procedures performed in cats and people. Skin biopsies provide valuable insight into the type of cells contained in an abnormal area of skin or a skin growth, and whether the lesion poses a more serious health threat to your pet.

  • This slow-growing tumor is a disordered overgrowth of cells of the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. It gets its name from its resemblance under the microscope to the basal cell layer of epithelium.

  • This is one of many similar tumors that arise by disordered growth of the hair follicles. Almost all of these tumors are benign and can be permanently cured by total surgical removal.

  • Lymphocytes are specialized cells that function as part of the body’s immune system, and are key cells in the body’s ability to fight and prevent infection. Lymphocytes are found in the blood and tissues throughout the body, and are in particular concentration in lymph nodes and other ‘lymphoid tissue’.

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