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  • In some cases, chronic inflammation of the nose (rhinitis) leads to proliferation (hyperplasia) and formation of polyps in the nose or throat. These polyps are not cancerous but may need removal.

  • A polyp is a benign mass, meaning that it is not malignant or "cancerous" and does not often metastasize (spread to other tissues). Nasopharyngeal polyps develop in the middle ear, which is the compartment just behind the eardrum.

  • This triple antibiotic solution or ointment is used to treat surface bacterial infections of the eye. These infections may occur in the cornea (clear part of eye) or in the conjunctiva (pink parts around eyelids).

  • Neomycin sulfate is an antibiotic. It is used to reduce the number of bacteria in the colon (a part of the intestine) prior to surgery. It may also be used to decrease the numbers of ammonia producing bacteria in the treatment of brain disorders caused by the liver not working properly (a condition called hepatic encephalopathy).

  • Neuroendocrine cells produce specialized chemical substances called “neuroendocrine hormones”. These hormones affect the rates of specific chemical reactions in nearby cells or in other tissues throughout the body.

  • Neuroendocrine cells produce specialized chemical substances called “neuroendocrine hormones”. These hormones affect the rates of specific chemical reactions in nearby cells or in other tissues throughout the body.

  • Neutering and castration are the common terms used to describe the surgical procedure known scientifically as orchidectomy or orchiectomy. In this procedure, both testicles are removed in order to sterilize a male cat.

  • Nitenpyram is used to treat flea infestations on dogs, puppies, cats and kittens older than 4 weeks of age and greater than 1 kg (2.2 lbs) in body weight. This medication kills adult fleas. It is not effective against flea eggs. Nitenpyram may be combined with other medications as part of a comprehensive flea-control program.

  • Epistaxis is defined as acute hemorrhage from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. It is commonly referred to as a "nosebleed." Epistaxis in cats can be extremely unsettling for the pet owner. Most acute or sudden nosebleeds are caused by simple trauma or by upper respiratory tract infections.

  • The term 'nutraceutical' was coined to represent compounds found in food and herbs that are not technically considered nutrients such as vitamins or minerals, but which may have a profoundly beneficial impact on the health of the body. Common examples of nutraceuticals include glucosamine, used in the treatment of arthritic conditions of dogs and cats, and antioxidant compounds that help in the prevention of cancer.

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