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  • The liver is a complex organ that is responsible for many vital functions. The liver is sometimes called the "factory of the body" since it is a metabolic organ that performs or controls many of the chemical processes necessary for normal bodily function.

  • It is important to recognize that multiple tumors in the liver are not always cancers. The livers of older dogs may become nodular without causing any clinical effects.

  • The liver has a massive blood supply so many cancer cells from elsewhere arrive within it and start to grow. In dogs, metastatic tumors are three times as common as primary tumors and over 30% of malignant cancer may metastasize to the liver.

  • When we think of cats who are different—cats with disabilities—we generally first think of cats with obvious, visible differences. For instance, we may get a mental image of a cat with three legs, or missing an eye, or perhaps a cat who is paralyzed.

  • The principle of feeding different-aged animals differently is called “life-stage feeding,” and it is a fairly straightforward concept. After all, we know that we must feed infant children differently than growing teenagers, and seniors have different nutritional needs than 30-somethings.

  • Lomustine is used to treat lymphoma and tumors of the central nervous system in dogs and cats. It may be used to treat other forms of cancer as well.

  • Loperamide is used to help manage diarrhea in dogs. It helps stop diarrhea by slowing down motility (movement) in the intestines. Loperamide has also been used to treat acute colitis and malabsorption/maldigestion.

  • Lufenuron is classified as an insect development inhibitor. Your veterinarian has prescribed this medication for the control of fleas.

  • Lung flukes are parasitic organisms called trematodes. The most common lung fluke to affect cats in North America is called Paragonimus kellicotti, also known as the North American lung fluke. Other species of lung flukes can infect cats in other areas of the world, but are rarely found in North America.

  • Most primary lung cancers originate from the epithelium lining the airways. In dogs, most develop in the alveoli where oxygen is taken up into the body, but in people and in cats most originate in the main airways (bronchi).

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