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  • L-Carnitine is an amino acid derivative. It is synthesized from methionine and lysine. The body requires L-carnitine for energy metabolism. This medication has been used as adjunctive therapy for dogs with dilated cardiomyopathy. Other uses include protection against doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy and reduction of the risk of damage to the myocardium due to interruption of the blood supply to this area. L-carnitine has been used in cats as adjunctive therapy to facilitate metabolism of liver fat.

  • Lactulose may be used as a stool softener to treat constipation. In liver disease it may also be used to reduce the level of ammonia in the blood. This will help prevent hepatic encephalopathy, which is a condition associated with cirrhosis of the liver.

  • LASER is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission Radiation. In short, it is a device that generates a beam of light energy at a specific wavelength. The first laser was developed in 1960, and its use in human surgery became widespread in the late 1980's.

  • Latanaprost is used to reduce the pressure in the eye caused by glaucoma.

  • Lenticular sclerosis or nuclear sclerosis is the medical term for a bluish transparent "haze" that develops in the lens of the eye in middle-aged to senior cats.

  • Levothyroxine is used to treat low thyroid levels. This medication belongs to the general group of medicines called hormones. It is used when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

  • Lincomycin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. This medication may be used to treat upper respiratory infections, skin infections, inflammation of the kidneys and inflammation of the uterus.

  • The term 'foreign body' refers to any non-food object located within the digestive tract of a dog or cat. Our pets have the tendency to play with or chew on non-food objects and, in the process of doing so, these objects can be inadvertently ingested. One especially dangerous type of foreign body, most common in cats, is referred to as a linear foreign body.

  • Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome (FLS) is also known as feline hepatic lipidosis. This disease is unique to cats and is one of the most common liver diseases seen in cats.

  • Generally, the following screening tests are recommended when liver disease is suspected: a complete blood count (CBC), a serum biochemical profile, and a urinalysis.

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