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  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is a condition that is also commonly referred to as "dry eye." The medical term means inflammation of the cornea and surrounding tissues from drying. It is a common eye condition resulting from inadequate production of the aqueous portion of the tear film by the lacrimal gland and/or the third eyelid gland.

  • Ketoconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections in your pet. Your veterinarian may prescribe this medication for other conditions, such as Cushing’s disease in dogs. It may also be prescribed with cyclosporin to decrease the elimination of cyclosporin.

  • Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication used to reduce pain caused by inflammation. It may also be used to decrease fever.

  • Ketorolac is a topical preparation used to stop inflammation in the eye.

  • Generally, the following screening tests are recommended: a complete blood count (CBC), a serum biochemical profile, and a urinalysis.

  • Polycystic kidney disease or PKD is an inherited condition in cats that causes multiple cysts (pockets of fluid) to form in the kidneys. These cysts are present from birth. Initially they are very small but they grow larger over time and may eventually disrupt kidney function resulting in kidney failure.

  • Acute renal failure (ARF) or acute kidney failure refers to the sudden failure of the kidneys to perform normal filtration duties. This is not the same as the much more common form of kidney failure, chronic renal failure (CRF).

  • Most cats by nature prefer to use a soil type surface for elimination. By providing a litter box with an appropriate and appealing substrate (material), few cats will need to be trained to use it. At about 30-36 days of age kittens leave the nest to search out a loose substrate for elimination.

  • Play is a very important part of the feline world and kittens need the opportunity to play in order to learn vital adult skills both for communication and for hunting.

  • Raising kittens can be an extremely gratifying experience or it may produce profound disappointment. The following information should help increase your chances of success when caring for young kittens.

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