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  • Inflammation of the inner ear is called otitis interna, and it is most often caused by an infection. The infectious agent is most commonly bacterial, although yeast and fungus can also be implicated in an inner ear infection.

  • Insulin is a hormone that helps the body turn the food your pet eats into energy. Insulin works by allowing sugar to pass from the blood into the body’s cells to make fat, sugar and protein. Without insulin, sugar cannot get into the body’s cells. Insulin works whether the body makes its own insulin or if it is given by injection. Insulin is given when the pet has diabetes.

  • Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin used in cats with diabetes mellitus to help regulate blood sugar.

  • Interferon alfa-2a is used to alleviate the clinical effects of certain viral diseases. It has been used to control the symptoms of non-neoplastic feline leukemia virus and ocular herpes infections in cats. It may also be used to treat certain cancers in dogs and cats.

  • This handout is designed to give you an overview of some of the internal parasites that can infect your cat. For more detailed information, refer to our separate information sheets on roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms and heartworms.

  • Counterconditioning and desensitization are powerful ways to change behavior. They are usually used in combination. Desensitization provides a means of safely exposing the pet to the stimulus at a level at or below which fear is likely to be exhibited.

  • Itraconazole is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections in your pet. There may be other conditions for which your veterinarian may prescribe this medication.

  • Ivermectin is used as an intestinal de-wormer and as a preventative for heartworm. It may also be used to treat various types of mites.

  • A joint luxation is a dislocation or complete separation between the bone ends that normally articulate to form a joint. Subluxation is the term referring to a partial separation of the joint. The most commonly subluxated joint in cats is the hip, although any joint can be affected.

  • Kaolin and pectin are used to treat diarrhea. They may also be used to relieve the symptoms of an upset stomach and nausea. Occasionally this medication may be used as an adsorbent (a substance to minimize absorption) if the pet has ingested certain toxins.

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